For Argentinians and Uruguayans, drinking mate (mah-tay) is a way of life. If you spend any time with locals in one of these two countries, you’ll probably be invited to join in, and it’s important to be familiar with the process — like any custom, it has its own set of rules and expectations.

Firstly, what is mate? It’s a tea-like beverage drunk through a straw (bombilla) out of a small gourd-shaped cup (also called a mate). You can drink alone, but mate is generally shared: the cup is passed around and everyone drinks out of the same vessel. It’s more than just a hot drink, it’s a way to connect with the people you’re with.

There’s usually one person in charge, who fills the mate with yerba mate (a bitter, tea-like herb) and adds water. Mate is quite different to tea, where very few leaves are used. Instead, the cup is half- or three-quarter-filled with yerba, which means there isn’t much space left for water. The person in charge has the first drink, as the first brew can be quite strong — and bitter too. Some people add sugar, others drink their mate cold, but the general rule is hot and bitter.

Mates and bombillas

Drinking

After drinking and refilling the cup with water from a thermos, the person in charge will then pass the mate to another member of the group, who drinks as well then passes it back. If it’s your turn, you should drink all of the liquid; when it’s run out you’ll hear a sucking sound — quite like the one you probably used to make while drinking soft drinks through a straw as a kid. But don’t think about your mum telling you off back then: this noise is perfectly acceptable when drinking mate.

Don’t say thanks

When you’re done, pass the mate back to the person with the thermos, who’ll top it up and pass it on. But don’t say thanks — “gracias” in this context means you’ve had enough and don’t want another round. Of course, if that’s true, feel free to say it. If you notice that you’re being left out, you probably said “gracias” by mistake, which is exactly what happened to me the first time I drank mate — I felt quite offended that my hosts didn’t want to keep sharing with me. It wasn’t until the next day that I realised that I’d effectively told them that I didn’t want any more. Now, after a bit of practice, I can drink mate with the best of them!

Sip carefully

Equipment

Since mate-drinking is such an institution, Argentina and Uruguay are replete with related products and services. Street vendors sell cups and bombillas, some personalised while you wait. A bombilla straw makes a nice souvenir, since it’s small enough to fit into any corner of your backpack, though it isn’t particularly useful outside South America.

Locals drink mate on the go, often carrying thermoses of hot water tucked under one arm, which need to be refilled when empty. In the city you can buy water from a vendor’s cart of thermoses, and most service stations have hot water dispensers, where you can fill up your thermos for one peso (about 30 cents). At home, electric kettles often have two settings: one to boil the coffee, like in the rest of the world, and the other to maintain the water at mate-drinking temperature (about 60-70 degrees).

Mate has a strong, distinct flavour that might not be to your taste at first, but it’s worth trying to accustom yourself to it, because sharing a mate with locals in Argentina and Uruguay is a great way to immerse yourself in the culture of the region.

For more on Argentina, check out our Argentina country page.